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获取MSSQLServer数据库用户名、数据库名、所有表名、所有字段名的SQL命令


1.获取所有用户名:

Select name FROM Sysusers where status=’2′ and islogin=’1′

islogin=’1′ :表示帐户

islogin=’0′ :表示角色

status=’2′ :表示用户帐户

status=’0′ :表示糸统帐户


2.获取所有数据库名:

Select Name FROM Master..SysDatabases orDER BY Name


3.获取所有表名:

Select Name FROM DatabaseName..SysObjects Where XType=’U’ orDER BY Name

XType=’U’ :表示所有用户表;

XType=’S’ :表示所有系统表;


4.获取所有字段名:

Select Name FROM SysColumns Where id=Object_Id(‘表名”)


5.获取数据库所有类型:

select name from systypes


6.获取主键字段:

Select name FROM SysColumns Where id=Object_Id(‘表名’) and colid=(select top 1 keyno from sysindexkeys where id=Object_Id(‘表名’))


7.获取表字段的基本信息:

程序代码

Select

字段名=rtrim(b.name),

主键=CASE WHEN h.id IS NOT NULL THEN ‘PK’ ELSE ” END,

字段类型=type_name(b.xusertype)+CASE WHEN b.colstat&1=1 THEN ‘[ID(‘ + CONVERT(varchar, ident_seed(a.name))+’,’+CONVERT(varchar,ident_incr(a.name))+’)]’ ELSE ” END,

长度=b.length,

允许空=CASE b.isnullable WHEN 0 THEN ‘N’ ELSE ‘Y’ END,

默认值=isnull(e.text, ”),

字段说明=isnull(c.value, ”)

FROM sysobjects a, syscolumns b

LEFT OUTER JOIN sysproperties c ON b.id = c.id AND b.colid = c.smallid

LEFT OUTER JOIN syscomments e ON b.cdefault = e.id

LEFT OUTER JOIN (Select g.id, g.colid FROM sysindexes f, sysindexkeys g Where (f.id=g.id)AND(f.indid=g.indid)AND(f.indid>0)AND(f.indid<255)AND(f.status&2048)<>0) h ON (b.id=h.id)AND(b.colid=h.colid)

Where (a.id=b.id)AND(a.id=object_id(‘要查询的表’)) –要查询的表改成你要查询表的名称

orDER BY b.colid


程序代码

Select

表名=case when a.colorder=1 then d.name else ” end,

表说明=case when a.colorder=1 then isnull(f.value,”) else ” end,

字段序号=a.colorder,

字段名=a.name,

标识=case when COLUMNPROPERTY(a.id,a.name,’IsIdentity’)=1 then ‘√’ else ” end,

主键=case when exists(Select 1 FROM sysobjects where xtype=’PK’ and name in (Select name FROM sysindexes Where indid in(Select indid FROM sysindexkeys Where id=a.id AND colid=a.colid))) then ‘√’ else ” end,

类型=b.name,

字段长度=a.length,

占用字节数=COLUMNPROPERTY(a.id,a.name,’PRECISION’),

小数位数=isnull(COLUMNPROPERTY(a.id,a.name,’Scale’),0),

允许空=case when a.isnullable=1 then ‘√’else ” end,

默认值=isnull(e.text,”),

字段说明=isnull(g.[value],”)

FROM syscolumns a

left join systypes b on a.xusertype=b.xusertype

inner join sysobjects d on (a.id=d.id)and(d.xtype=’U’)and(d.name<>’dtproperties’)

left join syscomments e on a.cdefault=e.id

left join sysproperties g on (a.id=g.id)and(a.colid=g.smallid)

left join sysproperties f on (d.id=f.id)and(f.smallid=0)

–where d.name=’要查询的表’ –如果只查询指定表,加上此条件

order by a.id,a.colorder

系统存储过程

1.查看服务器角色相关信息

SP_HELPSRVROLE

SP_HELPSRVROLEMEMBER 服务器角色

SP_HELPSRVROLE 服务器角色

2.查看数据库角色相关信息

SP_HELPROLE

SP_HELPROLEMEMBER 数据库角色

SP_HELPROLE 数据库角色

3.查看用户相关信息

SP_HELPUSER

SP_HELPUSER 数据库用户名

全文详见:http://it-club.cn/post/250.html

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